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Q. What do you understand by 'investment'? Explain the various factors, which form the basis of the investment process.
Answer. The word "investment" can be defined in many ways according to different theories and principles...... Investment is a conscious act of an individual or any entity that involves deployment of money (cash) in securities or assets issued by any financial institution with a view to obtain....... Investment is usually the result of forgoing consumption. In a purely agrarian society, early humans had to choose how much grain to eat......
Q. Differentiate between fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Discuss the usefulness of odd lot theory and Elliot wave theory on stock market prediction.
Answer. Fundamental analysis uses a company’s financial statements to determine its value with regard to its potential growth in earnings. Fundamental analysts use projected forecasts of the economy to focus on industries that are expected to generate increased sales and earnings........
Q. What is Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) Explain the techniques for testing the various forms of E.M.H
Answer. The efficient market hypothesis contends that stocks are always fairly valued, trading at their intrinsic values. According to the efficient market theory, information about companies is conveyed quickly and efficiently by the market, resulting in no underpriced stocks..... Basically, the efficient market hypothesis states that: current prices incorporate all available information and expectations, current prices are the best approximation to intrinsic value, price changes are due to unforeseen events, 'mispricings' do occur but not in predictable patterns that can lead to consistent outperformance.
Q. What are formula plans? How is a constant rupee value plan different to a constant ratio plan? Discuss
Answer. The investor makes use of formula plans to help him in making investment decisions for the future by taking advantage of the fluctuations........ Formula plans have been made to give the investor.......
Q. Compare and contrast capital Asset Pricing Model(CAPM) and Arbitrage Pricing Theory(APT).Which of the two is a better model for pricing risky assets.
Answer. The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) provides a methodology to determine the level of return expected by shareholders from their investment in a particular listed company. Investors generally expect a capital gain by way of share price appreciation, or a yield by way of dividends, or some combination of both....... In a world where these assumptions are held, all investors will hold the same portfolio of risky assets, which is the market portfolio. The market portfolio contains all securities and the proportion of each security is its market value as a percentage of the total market value. The risk premium on the market depends on the average risk aversion of all market participants.......
MS-44 Solved Assignment IGNOU MBA
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Q. What is Technical Analysis?
Answer. Technical analysis is the study of historical price data to identify price trends and forecast price movements. It is the analysis of price activities or patterns to identify trading opportunities......... Technical analysis examines market movements using price statistical and technical methods in order to predict the direction of prices in the near future...... Technical analysis involves price and sometimes volume study and is different from fundamental analysis. Fundamental analysis involves the study of economic information to forecast prices and to gauge if an asset is overvalued or undervalued. Fundamental analysis looks in depth at the financial conditions and operating results of a specific company and the underlying behavior of its common stock........... Technical analysis relies on detecting patterns in the past that can be traded with confidence in the future. The identification and quantification of patterns can be subjective or objective. Subjective patterns include various types of price formations on a chart, such as channels or triangles. Objective measures of prices are algorithmic formulations, such as moving averages and oscillators..........