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MS-04 Solved Assignment

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  • Version: 2018 Jan - June

Soft Copy: Yes
Downloadable File: Yes
University: IGNOU
Course: Master of Business Administration

Q&A of MS-04 Solved Assignment 2018 - Accounting and Finance for Managers

Q. How is 'Financial Accounting' different form ‘Management Accounting’? Discuss the role and activities of an Accountant.


Q. 2. The Balance Sheets of XYZ Ltd as on 31st December, 2016 and 2017 are as given below:

Liabilities 2016 2017 Assets 2016 2017
Share Capital 2,00,000 2,00,000 Goodwill 24,000 24,000
General Reserve 28,000 36,000 Buildings 80,000 72,000
Profit and Loss Account 32,000 26,000 Plant 74,000 72,000
Creditors 16,000 10,800 Investments 20,000 22,000
Bills Payable 2,400 1,600 Stock 60,000 46,800
Provision for Taxation 32,000 36,000 Bills Receivable 4,000 6,400
Provision for doubtful debts 800 1,200 Debtors 36,000 38,000
Cash and bank balances 13,200 30,400
3,11,200 3,11,600 3,11,200 3,11,600
Additional Information:-
(i) Depreciation provided on plant was 8,000 and on building was Rs. 8,000.
(ii) Provision for taxation made during the year is Rs. 38,000.
(iii) Interim dividend paid during the year is Rs. 16,000.
From the above information, you are required to prepare Schedule of changes in Working Capital and Funds Flow Statement.


Q. What do you understand by CVP Analysis. Explain the effect of Price and Volume on the Net Profit, with the help of a suitable illustration.


Q. The Management of ABC Ltd. is considering a proposal to purchase an improved model of a machine which gives increased output. Its existing machine which has been in operation for 2 years has current market value of Rs. 1,00,000, its remaining estimated useful life is 10 years, with no salvage value at the end.

The relevant particulars are as follows:
Existing Machine New Machine
Purchase price Rs. 2,40,000 Rs. 4,00,000
Estimated life 12 years 10 years
Salvage value - -
Annual Operating hours 2,000 2,000
Selling price per unit Rs. 10 Rs. 10
Output per hour 15 units 20 units
Material cost per unit Rs. 2 Rs. 2
Labour cost per unit 20 40
Consumable stores per year 2,000 5,000
Repairs and Maintenance per year 9,000 6,000
Working Capital 25,000 40,000

The company follows the straight-line method of depreciation and is subject to 50% tax. Should the existing machine be replaced? Assume that the company’s required rate of return is 15% and that the loss on sale of Assets is tax deductible.


Q. As a Finance Manager how would you determine the Optimal Cash balance that would be required by your Organisation? What measures you would take to ensure the smooth and efficient Management of Cashflows in the Orgnisation?

Answer. .....

Product Details: MS-04 Solved Assignment 2018

Course: IGNOU MBA (Master of Business Administration)
Session: Jan - June 2018 or July - Dec
Subject: Accounting and Finance for Managers

Old Sample Answer

Q. What do you understand by Revenue Expenditure?
Answer. Revenue expenditure is the day-to-day expenditure that the organisation incurs as it goes about its business of producing and selling goods and services. Revenue expenses include materials, heating, lighting, admin and management salaries, stationery, photocopying, etc. They are the daily costs of doing business and are charged.......... Revenue expenditure usually has the following characteristics: It is the consequence of earlier capital acquisitions, It is short term, It is usually funded out of day-to-day revenue. As revenue costs do not form part of the fixed asset cost, they are expensed in the income statement in the period in which they are incurred........ MS-04 Solved Assignment 2018 Jan - June or July - Dec.

Q. What do you understand by Capital Expenditure?
Answer. Capital expenditure is about spending money on long-term assets. Long-term assets could be things like plant, machinery and equipment. Capital expenditure could also be about developing products and brands that deliver a long-term return...... The main form of capital expenditure is on items used in the business over a long period of time – for example, buildings, furniture, and equipment. These are usually referred to as long-term assets. Long-term assets may be tangible assets, such as those named above, or intangible assets such as investments in patents, copyrights...... Plans for capital expenditure must take into account how limited cash is today as well as 'the time value of money'. Constructing a capital expenditure plan requires us to produce a model of the cash flows associated with........

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